Annotated Bibliography

Bashram, J. D., Israel, M., Graden, J., Poth, R., & Winston, M. (2010). “A Comprehensive Approach to

RTI: Embedding Universal Design for Learning and Technology”. Learning Disability Quarterly,

33(4), 243-255.

The authors in this article discuss the level of the needs for diverse learning students. They address Response to Intervention also referred to as RtI. That is a tiered level of supports to all students which allows for increasingly more intensive and individualized instruction. It addresses students’ needs and plans according to those needs through instructional, environmental, and technology supports.

Technology is a major support in special education. The authors also introduce UDL (Universal Design for Learning). They discuss the need for the relationship between RtI and UDL to be developed together.

Gyeongae, S., Eunjoo, Y., Eun-Young, K., Eun-Jung, K., & Wonjung, N. (2013). Comparing Brain

Activation Between Students who use Digital Textbooks and Those who use Conventional Paper

Textbooks. New Educational Review, 32(2), 233-242.

In this article the authors tested 54 sixth graders on the effects of paper textbooks and digital textbooks. They did this by measuring different brain waves. Prior to the reports from the study they said that digital textbooks can provide a more personalized learning. The use of digital textbooks allows students to have immediate feedback regarding the task they’ve completed.

This study analyzed four different brain waves which were used to compare brain function characteristics between students who used digital textbooks and those who used traditional paper textbooks. At this time no other study had been done to compare these differences. The results of the study  showed that students were able to concentrate while they were engaged in cognitive thinking processes better with the use of digital textbooks.

Haihong, H., & Garimella, U. (2014). iPads for STEM Teachers: A Case Study on Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Proficiency, Intention to Adopt, and Integration in K-12 Instruction. Journal of Educational Technology Development & Exchange, 7(1), 49-66.

Mobile technology in education is rapidly growing and teachers need to be equipped to use the latest educational technology that benefits students. Currently that is the iPad. It is expected that schools will soon have more iPads than computers. iPads and other tablets have shown to be useful for students that have cognitive impairments. They have also shown to be beneficial in reading fluency and those who are struggling.

The positive impact of mobile technology is requiring educators to increase their skills in technology in order to best utilize these devices. Professional development in technology could help improve educators’ attitudes and enhance their strategies. This positive change will spill over to students’ attitudes and learning. Teachers who took part in the iPad training felt it would benefit their students.

McLean, K. (2013). “Literacy and Technology in the Early Years of Education: Looking to the Familiar

to Inform Educator Practice”. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 38(4), 30-41.

The author presents the idea that technology and literacy can benefit one another in education in the early years. She believes that as technology advances literacy learning will continue to change. Technology is just another tool just as a book has been for learning literacy.

Karen Mclean feels educators and the systems need to accept the benefits of technology in education. She says that literacy needs to work with technology at home and in education. Literacy can be used in technology through play which is even more enticing to students. The need for improved literacy can be assisted through the use of technology.

Rivero, V. (2013). “Digital Textbooks: Show Me the Future!”. Internet@Schools, 20(3), 12-16.

Victor Rivero explains the rapid growth of technology in education. Apple is leading the way with iBooks Textbooks for iPad. The iBooks Textbooks for iPad has taken educational textbooks to an entirely new level. Students are able to highlight text, quiz themselves, look up definitions, and much more. The famously known McGraw-Hill, Pearson, and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt are right there with Apple.

Digital textbooks more than doubled in just two years. Rivero believes paper textbooks are soon to be a thing of the past. Education is quickly working to transform to almost half digital by 2017. Schools are working to obtain some type of mobile technology to replace textbooks whether it’s a kindle or an iPad.

Ruth, K.J. (2013). “Texts That Change Schools”. Independent School, 72(4), 50-55.

Kevin Ruth describes the way schools are changing due to technology and digital textbooks. Digital textbooks are just recently becoming popular in schools. Promoters of it are able to see the many uses of the digital textbooks. The ways they allow students to have a more in depth experience with what they are learning. Ruth points out that with every new technology there have been those who don’t see the positive impacts within that technology.

Ruth does point out that just because digital textbooks are quickly becoming popular and hold more possibilities than with paper textbooks they aren’t going to do away with paper books completely. He explains that it isn’t a choice between one or the other, it is both. Ruth also believes that digital textbooks can change schools and how school is done not just the form of the book that is used.

Sapers, J. (2012). “The Evolution of Textbooks”. Scholastic Administrator, 11(5), 26-28.

Jonathan Sapers presents the book of the future which is the digital textbook and some of its possibilities. One description he provides is of students being able to highlight sentences and turn them into flashcards. Even more enticing is the price of $14.99 for an iBook. This is huge because the price range for paper textbooks he gives is $80.00-$150.00. Plus with the $14.99 iBook it is also interactive.

Since an iBook is on the iPad it doesn’t require internet access so there isn’t the worry of what will happen if the internet is unavailable. Another advantage is that the digital textbooks can easily be updated. Digital textbooks are interactive providing different types of stimulation for students and reaching different learning abilities.

Takahashi, P. (2011). “Las Vegas Schools Bet iPad Effort Will Improve Learning”. Education Week,

21(8), 10.

Paul Takahashi’s article tells how iPads are going to change schools in Nevada. The digital textbook is more than a book. It is interactive and engages students. It provides video tutorials and allows for students to take notes. Students are able to learn at their own pace. They can re-watch something if they didn’t understand. Missing class won’t require a lot of make-up work because students have access to it with their iPad.

The focus is to provide the best instruction for students and to be up to date with digital technology. The county officials know that it’s a risk because there aren’t many studies on the effectiveness of iPads and education but they are confident it is the right choice. They are hopeful this will help increase test scores of students in this area.


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